Zoshchenko "History of the disease." Summary of the "History of the disease" Zoshchenko
Characters of the author
His characters Zoshchenko always illustrated withhumor. The writer's works are understandable and accessible to ordinary readers, and above all because their characters are ordinary people of that time, ordinary people. So, for example, in the story "Bath" the character is somewhat scattered, awkward, obviously not rich. The article illustrates the situation when the main character lost his number and offered to look for him "by signs", offering a rope from the number, then describes a shabby old coat with a torn pocket and one button. The author in this story shows the comic nature of the situation through an illustrated image. Yes, and all of the writer's works are devoted to just such cases.
Comic prose as a new artistic instrument
It should be noted that Zoshchenko stood at the verythe sources of satirical-humorous Russian prose. It was he who created the original comic novel, which became a continuation of the traditions of the early Chekhov, Leskov and Gogol in new historical circumstances. As a result, he managed to form his own, absolutely unique artistic style. About forty years dedicated to Russian prose Mikhail Zoshchenko. "History of the disease," "Bath", other stories and satires became the classics of the satirical genre of the time. On the way of his creativity, the author himself notes that gradually he is depriving his stories of exaggeration, emphasizing that when the society will speak absolutely elegantly, he will not fall behind from the century.
Structural reorganization of the author's works
It should be noted that the rejection of the story was notjust a formal act. This event entailed a structural reorganization of Zoshchenko's short stories. Stylistics, plot composition principles were subjected to change. Psychological analysis is also widely introduced. "History of the disease" Zoshchenko - one of these "updated works." On the example of this and many other "fresh" narratives, it can be noted that even externally the works become different - their volume has become more than two or even three times as before. Often the author, as it were, returns to his early experience. But now this is a more mature approach, a qualitatively new attitude to comic works. Carrying out the analysis of Zoshchenko's story "The Case History", it becomes clear that the writer re-uses the traditions of the fictionalized satirical-humorous novel.
The feuilleton is directed against the existing"the less sympathetic style" (as the author himself delicately expresses) of the work of institutions, according to which an externally weakly discernable but efficient system of dividing the population into two categories is established, the inequality between which was expressed quite clearly: on one side we, and on the other is "you." In fact, as the author himself claims, "you" - this is "we", and "we" - in part "you". In the finale sounds a sad warning about some incongruity. It is this incongruity, reached a certain grotesque degree, and is exposed in the work of M. M. Zoshchenko "The History of the disease." What is the narrative? About this later in the article.
"History of the disease" Zoshchenko illustrates the manners andthe life of a special hospital where visitors are greeted by a "cheerful" poster on the wall about the mode of issuing corpses. At the same time, the newly admitted patient expresses his discontent with such an announcement. To which the paramedic responds that this poster can be criticized only by people who have recovered, and recovery in the hospital is unlikely.
"The last test" of the hero
Yes, the patient had to go through a lot ...This can be guessed, even without bothering to read the full story, just look at the above summary. Zoshchenko's "Case History", however, does not end there. What happened next? After the patient left the hospital after all and returned home, his wife says that a week before his return, she received a notice that she took the corpse of her husband. As it turned out, it was sent by mistake. "The former patient" became so unpleasant that he wanted to go to the hospital. But remembering how things are there, he changed his mind. And decided after this "last test" to be treated at home, alone.
The image of the central hero
To best represent the characterZoshchenko's works "The History of the Disease", one should take into account all those small dashes that are scattered in separate narratives. A great theme reveals all the work of the writer as a whole. Reading Zoshchenko's work "The Case History," we see a psychological portrait of a man who has become accustomed to an insignificant position in society and to the fact that his whole destiny is nothing compared to any accepted instruction, paragraph or order. The author tries to show that people lose their self-esteem when they cease to be treated as thinking, original personalities. It is from here that a person begins to worship a person before officials, disbelief in the selflessness of those who are close to him, curry favor with those whom he has to depend on.
The eternal question of human happiness
Zoshchenko's work "The Case History" isan illustration not only of the insignificant position of a citizen, but also the dependence of this provision on the social standing, and the unwillingness of a person to change anything. Many contemporaries of the writer at first thought that with the legacy of the past it would be possible to finish quickly enough. But the author himself neither then nor later shared such benevolent illusions. Zoshchenko's story "The history of the disease" reflects, first and foremost, the writer's reaction to the life-threatening tenacity of various social weeds that he has seen so striking without belittling the abilities of the philistine and philistine to adaptability and mimicry. Subsequently, to solve the eternal question of human happiness, new prerequisites arise, due to powerful socialist reforms and the cultural revolution. All this has a significant influence on the direction and character of Zoshchenko's work. In the writings of the writer, there are some instructive intonations. They were not in his narratives before. The author not only - and even not so much - tries to ridicule, how much patiently to explain, explain, having addressed to
Zoshchenko's story "The Case History" is, in the first placeturn, the image of extreme disrespect, rudeness, sincere callousness, manifested in relation to man. All this vile attitude is brought to the limit. Writing out, for example, from a hospital, a person is happy that he came out at least alive. And, remembering in what conditions he was there, he decides to get sick at home. And so it happens everywhere: wherever there is a "small" person, everywhere he will feel somehow humiliated. And this happens only because in it others see anyone - a buyer, a sick person, just a visitor, but not a person, not a person.