/ / What contributed to the unification of the Arab tribes: the causes and facts

What contributed to the unification of the Arab tribes: the causes and facts

Arabs are one of the greatest nations in the world.The Earth, despite the fact that their faith is quite conservative in nature. Nevertheless, it was the Arab scientists who presented the world with medicine, mathematics, an example of an effective state system.

which contributed to the unification of the Arab tribes
To date, the number of people professingIslam, is 1.5 billion, or 23% of the total population of the planet. It is impossible not to be surprised at the deep awareness of the ordinary Arab, removed from his home, his individuality as part of a single and indestructible people. Such a connection can be explained by various factors: religion, worldview, a special social environment. It is difficult to imagine that once this people was a bunch of scattered tribes in the Arabian Peninsula. The social machine that emerged after their unification was comparable to the most empires that are only known in human history. We will try to understand what caused the unification of the constantly fighting Arab tribes.

Geographical features of the region

Many historians had a question thatcontributed to the unification of the Arab tribes. The answer to it consists of several factors, each of which will be considered below. From history, we know that originally the largest cluster of Arabs was on the Arabian Peninsula. The climate on this territory of the planet is quite unfriendly: deserts, low humidity, lack of fertile land, etc. All these factors already indicate that in such conditions it is very difficult to survive, especially alone. Understanding this for many years pushed the Arabs to unite. However, there was a lot of disagreement between the tribes: the difference between religions, traditions, rituals and much more. In fact, every Arab tribe considered itself special among all the others. Undoubtedly, a difficult geographic location pushed to join forces, but eventually the unification of Arab tribes was promoted by religion.

Muhammad and his teachings

Already in the interval between the 5th and 6th centuries ADnedotsivilizatsiya northern and southern Arabs came to a complete decline. At the turn of two centuries a great prophet Muhammad appears. This man put a lot of effort, which contributed to the unification of the Arab tribes.

which contributed to the unification of the Arab tribes response
The prophet preached Islam - monisticreligion, backed by the Qur'an and faith in Allah. Religion is presented as a kind of hybrid of Judaism, Christianity and pagan beliefs of the Arabs. At first, all the dogmas preached by Muhammad were perceived extremely negatively, but already in the VI century the prophet created his own community - the umma. Thus, the belief in one god is what promoted the unification of the Arab tribes.

The origin of the caliphate

It should be noted that the caliphate did not appearimmediately. The stumbling block was the lack of Islamic forces. Only after accepting the belief in the one God of Allah by the Aus and Khazraj tribes, the Prophet Muhammad could openly speak about his teaching. Since that time, the development of the caliphate as a single Arab state begins. In this case, Muhammad no longer acts as a prophet, but as a leader who preached his own authoritative ideology.

Peak development of the Arab state

The death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 causeda lot of negative for the newly created Arab Caliphate events. By this time, the state already owned a decent territory, which extended to the entire Arabian Peninsula.

The union of Arab tribes was promoted by religion
In parallel, a war begins between apostates who renounced Islam immediately after the death of the prophet, and the commander Khalid ibn al-Walid.

After the victory over all infidels beginsThe struggle between the heirs of Muhammad and others claiming power. In 661, the last of the kind of great prophet Ali ibn Abu Talib was killed. The new ruler of the Arab caliphate was Muapia from the Umayyad clan. At this stage, we can talk about the end of the formation of statehood on the territory of the Arabian Peninsula, which contributed to the unification of the Arab tribes.

So, religion became that necessary "explosion"thanks to which the truly great Arab people appeared. The person of Muhammad still causes a lot of controversy and discussion. Many scholars believe that Islam was literally invented by him to seize power in the territory of Arabia. However, all his actions have become that which contributed to the unification of the Arab tribes, therefore the goals have no significance, only the result is important.

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